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Training Department
 

UPCOMING OEMS TRAINING / CEU'S

 

DATE TOPIC CATEGORY TIME LOCATION
VARIOUS Check out the courses offered by the PGRS
Community Training Center
, including CPR/First Aid for the public
- - PGRS ST. 1 and 2
 

 

OEMS Training

 

This document lists the requirements for enrollment in each of the training programs currently offered by the Virginia Office of EMS.  These are divided into three categories:

The Basic, Intermediate and Paramedic programs provide for a gradual increase in the complexity and comprehensive knowledge level for the student.  An individual may begin at either the First Responder or Emergency Medical Technician – Basic level.  Each higher-level program reinforces these basic skills and adds specific additional lifesaving techniques. 

The Instructor programs are designed to educate those individuals who wish to become responsible for training activities.

Since the inception of the first Emergency Medical Technician course in 1971, each of these programs have been developed and are constantly evaluated to keep up with the rapid evolving field of prehospital care.  The current prerequisites for each of the programs are listed below.

BASIC LIFE SUPPORT PROGRAMS

The following Basic Level EMS Programs are offered in Virginia:

 

ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT PROGRAMS

The following Advanced Level EMS courses are offered in Virginia:

 

INSTRUCTOR/COORDINATOR PROGRAMS

The following EMS Instructor/Coordinator Programs are offered in Virginia:

 


BASIC LIFE SUPPORT PROGRAMS



EMS First Responder (4 year certification)

The EMS First Responder Program is a 40-hour (minimum) course developed to provide training in the provision of emergency care for those who are likely to be the first medical personnel responding to the scene of an accident, fire, or medical emergency.  The emphasis of the course prepares the responder to address immediate life threats and injuries until more highly trained personnel are available. 

This training is appropriate for professionals such as firefighters, law enforcement officers, school bus drivers, postal employees, and large segments of industry such as miners or factory workers and as an introduction to prehospital medicine.

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Emergency Medical Technician – Basic (4 year certification)  (Minimum required certification for membership with PGRS)

The Emergency Medical Technician – Basic course is designed to provide training to prepare an individual to function independently in a medical emergency.  This course provides the basic knowledge and skills needed to provide basic life support (BLS) care and is required to progress to more advanced levels of prehospital patient care. 

The course requires a minimum of 111 hours of classroom and skills instruction and 10 hours of Clinical/Field rotations for a total of 121 hours of training.  Virginia Certification requires successful completion of a written and practical skills examination.  This course is designed to train individuals to serve as a vital link in the chain of the health care team.  This includes all skills necessary to provide emergency medical care as an attendant-in-charge with a basic life support ambulance service or other specialized rescue service.

Upon successfully completion of the training program, the student will be capable of performing the following functions:

(1) Recognize the nature and seriousness of the patient’s condition or extent of injury to assess requirements for emergency care.

(2) Administer appropriate emergency care to stabilize the patient’s condition. 

(3) Lift, move, position and otherwise handle the patient in a way as to minimize discomfort and further injury.

The EMT-Basic curriculum will be based upon the DOT National Standard Curriculum for the EMT-Basic (1994 edition) and the 2002 Supplemental Airway Modules for the 1994 EMT-Basic National Standard Curriculum.  The EMT-Basic will be trained and proficient in all skills described in the DOT National Standard Curriculum for the EMT-Basic (1994 edition) and the 2002 Supplemental modules for the EMT-Basic: National Standard Curriculum.

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EMS First Responder to EMT-Basic Bridge Program

The EMS First Responder to EMT-Basic Bridge Program builds on the information and skills learned in the First Responder Program and leads to certification at the EMT-Basic level.  This program allows a certified First Responder to opt out of selected lessons within an EMT-Basic Course to qualify for the EMT-Basic examinations.

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PREREQUISITES FOR BASIC LEVEL PROGRAMS

Eligibility to attend an EMS First Responder, EMS First Responder Bridge, or an Emergency Medical Technician-Basic course in Virginia requires that you must:

(1) Be proficient in reading, writing and speaking the English language.

(2) Be a minimum of 16 years of age at the beginning date of the certification course.  If less than 18 years of age, you must provide the course coordinator with a completed parental permission form with the signature of a parent or guardian verifying approval for enrollment in the course.  If you are less than 18 years of age and affiliated with an EMS or other Public Safety agency, you must also provide the Course Coordinator with documentation from an Officer of the agency stating you will be covered by the agencies insurance while attending the course.

(3) Have no physical or mental impairment that would render them unable to perform all practical skills required for that level of certification.

(4) Hold current certification in an Office of Emergency Medical Services approved cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) course at the beginning date of the course.  This certification must also be current at the time of state testing.

(5) Not have been convicted of or found guilty of any crime, offense or regulatory violation, or participated in any other prohibited conduct identified in state EMS regulations as follows:

    (A) Have never been convicted or found guilty of any crime involving sexual misconduct where lack of affirmative consent by the victim is an element of the crime.

    (B) Have never been convicted of a felony involving the sexual or physical abuse of children, the elderly or the infirm.

    (C) Have never been convicted or found guilty of any crime (including abuse, neglect, theft from, or financial exploration) of a person entrusted to their care or protection in which the victim is a patient or is a resident of a health care facility.

    (D) Have never been convicted or found guilty of any crime involving the use, possession, or distribution of illegal drugs except that the person is eligible for affiliation or enrollment five years after the date of final release if no additional crimes of this type have been committed during that time.

    (E) Have never been convicted or found guilty of any other act that is a felony except that the felon is eligible for affiliation or enrollment five years after the date of final release if no additional felonies have been committed during that time.

    (F) Are not currently under any disciplinary or enforcement action from another state EMS office or other recognized state or national healthcare provider licensing or certifying body.  Personnel subject to these disciplinary or enforcement actions may be eligible for certification provided there have been no further disciplinary or enforcement actions for five years prior to application for certification in Virginia.

    (G) Have never been subject to a permanent revocation of license or certification by another state EMS office or recognized state or national healthcare provider licensing or certifying body.

(6) All references to criminal acts or convictions under this section refer to substantially similar laws or regulations of any other state or the United States.  Convictions include prior adult convictions, juvenile convictions, and adjudications of delinquency based on an offense that would have been, at the time of conviction, a felony conviction if committed by an adult within or outside Virginia.

(7) If you are bridging to the EMT-Basic certification level, you must hold a current Virginia certification at the EMS First Responder level.

(8) Be clean and neat in appearance.

(9) May not be under the influence of any drugs or intoxicating substances that impairs your ability to provide patient care or operate a motor vehicle while in class or performing clinicals, while on duty or when responding or assisting in the care of a patient.

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ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT PROGRAMS


EMT-Enhanced (3 year certification)

The Emergency Medical Technician-Enhanced: Virginia Standard Curriculum represents the minimum required information to be presented within a course that leads to a Virginia EMT-Enhanced certification eligibility. All skills and subjects contained in the curriculum for EMT-Enhanced are covered in a minimum of 80 hours of instruction plus a minimum of 48 hours devoted to extensive clinical rotations in specialty units and field internship. Clinical rotations of this type are not usually available for lower level providers to attend. These additional clinical rotations include time spent in OR/Recovery Units, Critical Care Units, Labor & Delivery Units, Pediatrics, Emergency Department, Family Practice, Mental Health Clinics, Dialysis Clinics, Neurovascular Rehabilitation Clinics, Detoxification Units, and Extended Care Facilities.

It is recognized that there is additional specific education that will be required of the EMT-Enhanced who practices in the field, i.e. ambulance driving, heavy and light rescue, basic extrication, special needs, for example. It is also recognized that this information might differ from locality to locality, and that each training program or system should identify and provide special instruction for these additional training requirements.

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EMT-Intermediate-99 (3 year certification)

The Emergency Medical Technician – Intermediate 99 Program is designed to certify technicians to a mid-level of pre-hospital advanced life support care in Virginia.  This program fulfills all the requirements of the National Standard Curriculum for the EMT-Intermediate 99.

All skills and subjects contained in the curriculum for Intermediate 99 are covered for a minimum of 272 hours of instruction with a minimum of 68 hours devoted to extensive clinical rotations in specialty units.  In addition to the above, the candidate must complete a minimum of 10 patient contact calls in which they act as the team leader on an ALS ambulance.  Clinical rotations of this type are not usually available for lower level providers.  These additional clinical rotations include time spent in OR/Recovery Units, Critical Care Units, Labor & Delivery Units, Pediatrics, Emergency Department, Family Practice, Mental Health Clinics, Dialysis Clinics, Neurovascular Rehabilitation Clinics, Detoxification Units, and Extended Care Facilities.

The Intermediate 99 Program is designed to educate the technician in the following areas of pre-hospital care:  preparatory skills, airway management and ventilation, patient assessment, trauma, medical, special considerations and assessment based management.

In Virginia, all initial Intermediate 99 Programs are required to satisfy the testing guidelines established by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians.  Upon successful course completion and National Registry EMT – Intermediate 99 certification, the technician must apply for Virginia certification before being allowed to practice at this level.  After receiving Virginia credentials, the Intermediate 99 has the option to maintain National Registry Intermediate certification without affecting their Virginia certification.  However, Virginia certification must be maintained in order to provide patient care at this level in this state. 

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Emergency Medical Technician – Paramedic (3 year certification) 

The Emergency Medical Technician – Paramedic Program is designed to certify the technician to the highest level of pre-hospital advanced life support care available in Virginia.  This program fulfills all the requirements of the National Standard Curriculum for EMT – Paramedic. 

The Paramedic program expands on the skills and subjects contained in the Enhanced and Intermediate courses with a minimum of 800 - 1200 hours of instruction.  Of these hours, a minimum of 136 hours is devoted to extensive clinical rotations in specialty critical care units.  Additional hours may be required to complete all the required competencies.  Clinical rotations of this type are not usually available for lower level providers to attend.  These additional clinical rotations include time spent in OR/Recovery Units, Critical Care Units, Labor & Delivery Units, Pediatrics, Emergency Department, Family Practice, Mental Health Clinics, Dialysis Clinics, Neurovascular Rehabilitation Clinics, Detoxification Units, and Extended Care Facilities. 

The Paramedic Program is designed to educate the technician in all areas of pre-hospital patient care.  These areas include instruction in: pre-hospital environments, preparatory skills, airway management and ventilation, patient assessment, trauma care, medical patient management, obstetrical/gynecological conditions, pediatric patients, neonatal care, psychiatric and behavioral emergencies, special considerations, and assessment based management. 

In Virginia, all initial Paramedic Programs are required to satisfy the testing guidelines established by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians.  Upon successful course completion and National Registry EMT – Paramedic certification, the technician must apply for Virginia certification before being allowed to practice at this level.  After receiving Virginia credentials, the Paramedic has the option to maintain National Registry Paramedic certification without affecting their Virginia certification, however, Virginia certification must be maintained in order to provide patient care at this level in this state. 

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Registered Nurse to Paramedic Bridge Program (3 year certification) 

The Registered Nurse to Paramedic Bridge Program is designed to certify the Virginia Licensed Registered Nurse to the highest level of pre-hospital advanced life support care available in Virginia.  This program fulfills all the requirements of the National Standard Curriculum for EMT – Paramedic. 

The Registered Nurse to Paramedic Bridge Program reviews the skills and subjects contained in the DOT Paramedic Curriculum (1999) over approximately 120 hours of didactic instruction with an additional minimum of 136 hours devoted to extensive clinical rotations acquiring specific competencies.  Additional hours may be required to complete all the required competencies.  Clinical rotations of this type are not usually available for lower level providers to attend.  These additional clinical rotations include time spent in OR/Recovery Units, Critical Care Units, Labor & Delivery Units, Pediatrics, Emergency Department, Family Practice, Mental Health Clinics, Dialysis Clinics, Neurovascular Rehabilitation Clinics, Detoxification Units, and Extended Care Facilities. 

The Registered Nurse to Paramedic Bridge Program is designed to educate the technician in all areas of pre-hospital patient care.  These areas include instruction in: pre-hospital environments, preparatory skills, airway management and ventilation, patient assessment, trauma care, medical patient management, obstetrical/gynecological conditions, pediatric patients, neonatal care, psychiatric and behavioral emergencies, special considerations, and assessment based management. 

In Virginia, all initial Paramedic Programs are required to satisfy the testing guidelines established by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians.  Upon successful course completion and National Registry EMT – Paramedic certification, the technician must apply for Virginia certification before being allowed to practice at this level.  After receiving Virginia credentials, the Paramedic has the option to maintain National Registry Paramedic certification without affecting their Virginia certification.  However, Virginia certification must be maintained in order to provide patient care at this level in this state. 

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PREREQUISITES FOR ADVANCED LEVEL PROGRAMS

To be eligible to attend an Advanced Level EMT course in Virginia you must: 

(1) Be proficient in reading, writing and speaking the English language.

(2) Be a minimum of 18 years of age at the beginning date of the certification course.

(3) Hold a current certification as an EMT-Basic or higher.

(4) Hold, at a minimum, a High School or General Equivalency Diploma.

(5) Have no physical or mental impairment that would render them unable to perform all practical skills required for that level of certification

(6) Not have been convicted of or found guilty of any crime, offense or regulatory violation, or participated in any other prohibited conduct identified in state EMS regulations as follows:

    (A) Have never been convicted or found guilty of any crime involving sexual misconduct where lack of affirmative consent by the victim is an element of the crime.

    (B) Have never been convicted of a felony involving the sexual or physical abuse of children, the elderly or the infirm.

    (C) Have never been convicted or found guilty of any crime (including abuse, neglect, theft from, or financial exploration) of a person entrusted to their care or protection in which the victim is a patient or is a resident of a health care facility.

    (D) Have never been convicted or found guilty of any crime involving the use, possession, or distribution of illegal drugs except that the person is eligible for affiliation or enrollment five years after the date of final release if no additional crimes of this type have been committed during that time.

    (E) Have never been convicted or found guilty of any other act that is a felony except that the felon is eligible for affiliation or enrollment five years after the date of final release if no additional felonies have been committed during that time

    (F) Are not currently under any disciplinary or enforcement action from another state EMS office or other recognized state or national healthcare provider licensing or certifying body.  Personnel subject to these disciplinary or enforcement actions may be eligible for certification provided there have been no further disciplinary or enforcement actions for five years prior to application for certification in Virginia

    (G) Have never been subject to a permanent revocation of license or certification by another state EMS office or recognized state or national healthcare provider licensing or certifying body.

(7) All references to criminal acts or convictions under this section refer to substantially similar laws or regulations of any other state or the United States.  Convictions include prior adult convictions, juvenile convictions, and adjudications of delinquency based on an offense that would have been, at the time of conviction, a felony conviction if committed by an adult within or outside Virginia.

(8) Be clean and neat in appearance.

(9) May not be under the influence of any drugs or intoxicating substances that impairs your ability to provide patient care or operate a motor vehicle while in class or clinicals, while on duty or when responding or assisting in the care of a patient.

(10) If in an ALS Bridge certification Program, must have completed the eligibility requirements for certification at the lower ALS level prior to the beginning date of the ALS Bridge Certification program. 

(11) If in an ALS Bridge certification Program, must have become certified at the lower level prior to certification testing for the higher level of ALS certification.

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INSTRUCTOR/COORDINATOR PROGRAMS


The EMT-Instructor Program certifies the provider to schedule, coordinate and instruct initial EMS First Responder, EMT-Basic, and Basic Life Support Continuing Education courses in Virginia.

EMT Instructor 

PREREQUISITES FOR EMT-Instructor Program 

In accordance with 12 VAC 5-31-1500, to become an EMT-Instructor in Virginia, the applicant must comply with the following:

(1) Be a minimum of 21 years of age. 

(2) Hold a current Commonwealth of Virginia certification as an EMT or higher and have been certified as an EMT for a minimum of 2 years. 

(3) Be a high school graduate or equivalent. 

(4) Obtain a minimum score of 85% on a written Instructor Pre-Test examination. 

(A) Instructor pretest results are valid for a period of two years from the date of the written examination. 

(B) An applicant failing the written pretest is not eligible to retest for a period of 90 days from the date of the examination. 

(5) An EMT Instructor candidate shall demonstrate competency during a formal practical pretest examination.  An EMT Instructor candidate shall provide the Office of EMS the following to be eligible for the practical examination: 

    (A) An EMT Instructor candidate affiliated with an EMS agency shall be recommended by the EMS physician serving as the agency’s OMD. 

    (B) An EMT Instructor candidate who is not affiliated with an EMS agency shall provide both a recommendation from an EMS physician and a statement from the employer or perspective employer attesting to the need for instructor certification to meet the EMS training needs of the organization. 

(6) An EMT Instructor candidate must receive an invitation from the Office of EMS to attend and must successfully complete an Instructor Institute.

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ALS Coordinator 

The ALS Coordinator Program endorses personnel meeting the prerequisites to coordinate initial pre-hospital Advanced Life Support courses and ALS Continuing Education classes in Virginia.

PREREQUISITES FOR ALS COORDINATOR PROGRAM 

In accordance with 12 VAC 5-31-1700, to become an Advanced Life Support-Coordinator in Virginia, the applicant must comply with the following: 

(1) Be a minimum of 21 years of age. 

(2) Hold a current Virginia ALS certification or licensure as one of the following: 

    (A) Registered nurse; 

    (B) Physician assistant; or 

    (C) Physician 

(3) Submit an “ALS Coordinator Application” form with the required recommendations and supporting documentation of qualifications to the Office of EMS including: 

(A) A recommendation for acceptance from an EMS physician knowledgeable of the applicant’s qualifications. If the applicant is an EMS physician, the support of another EMS physician is not required on his “ALS Coordinator Application.” 

(B) A recommendation for acceptance of the applicant’s qualifications from the regional EMS council or local EMS resource.  

(4) A separate ALS Coordinator Application is required for each region in which the applicant intends to coordinate ALS certification or CE programs. An application submitted for approval to serve in additional regions will not alter the expiration date of the current ALS coordinator endorsement and all regional endorsements will be due for renewal on the current expiration date. 

(5) An ALS coordinator candidate meeting the requirements for endorsement shall attend an ALS Coordinator Seminar. 

(6) An ALS coordinator candidate that completes all requirements for endorsement that is valid for two years. An ALS coordinator endorsement does not provide concurrent provider credentials at any EMS certification level. 

(7) An ALS coordinator endorsement alone does not authorize the performance of any medical procedure. 

 

 

 

 

Copyright © 2011 by Pipers Gap Rescue Squad, Inc. All rights reserved.
Revised: 11/30/15 22:30:50 -0500.